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 Blue-fronted Lorikeet

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taixyz1992
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PostSubject: Blue-fronted Lorikeet   Tue Nov 09, 2010 4:24 am

The Blue-fronted Lorikeet (Charmosyna toxopei) also known as the Buru Lorikeet, is a parrot endemic to the Indonesian island of Buru.

The first foreign scientist who described the Blue-fronted Lorikeet and the only one who managed to capture it (seven individuals in the 1920s, using lime) was the Java-born Dutch lepidopterist Lambertus Johannes Toxopeus, which is reflected in the Latin name of the bird. His observations were summarized by the Dutch ornithologist Hendrik Cornelis Siebers (1890–1949) in 1930. Toxopeus noted that the bird's habitat on Buru is likely restricted to the western part of the Rana plateau in the center of the island (settlements of Wa Temun, Wa Fehat and Nal Besi), as the local name of the bird, utu papua, was not known anywhere else on the island. Two indigenous hunters caught blue-fronted lorikeets for food north-west from the Rana lake, but the bird was not found in the mangroves of the Kayeli Bay at the eastern part of Buru.[1] The locals living at the Rana plateau reported that the bird feeds on nectar and pollen of the flowering trees. Toxopeus found the bird at elevations of 840–1000 m (2,750–3,000 ft). Four blue-fronted lorikeets were observed in the 1980s, in very different areas at the north-western (Bara settlement) and southern coasts of Buru, at a coconut plantation and in a disturbed lowland forest between the coastal farming fields and the base of the nearby hills. Flocks of several birds were found in another area at elevation of 600 meters (2,000 ft). The analysis of all observations suggested that the Blue-fronted Lorikeet preferably inhabits forests at the altitude of several hundred meters.[2][3]

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